Indigenous Peoples Engagement to Mainstream Local Politics: a Southern Philippines Narrative

  • Joy Melyn L. Jayma Central Mindanao University

Abstract

This study focuses on a specific indigenous community in Mindanao, Philippines – the Bukidnon Tribe. The Bukidnon Tribe is one of the well-documented and well-researched tribes in the region and is also a recipient of various projects in the past. This paper primarily aims to answer the question, whether the Bukidnon Tribe have mainstreamed their presence in local politics. With the implementation of the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA), the traditional political institutions of the different tribes are now nationally recognized. With that in place, this study has the following specific questions: a) how engaged is the Bukidnon tribe in local politics, b) how are the traditional political institutions of the Bukidnon tribe survive in relation to engagement to mainstream politics, and c) what are the political influences and effects of the past projects given to the tribe. Results show that through the IPRA, which mandated an IP representative for every local government unit (LGU) in areas with IP population, the indigenous communities are assured of representation. Because of presence of the IP representatives in LGUs, the other members of the tribe are encouraged to further recognize and participate in mainstream political activities such as voting in elections and consultation with regards to policy formulation. The results also indicated that the tribe recognizes the value and importance of their traditional political institutions, thus, they themselves strive hard for its preservation despite all the external factors brought by the projects. From the results, it is suggested that educating the mainstream society about the rich political culture of the tribe as a method to ease the penetration of the IPs to local politics as there will be greater respect for cultural diversity.

References

AlanguI, W.V. P. (2014). Indigenous Learning Systems in Bagnen. Indigenous People Education Office No. 3. Pasig City, Philippines.

Ancestral Domain or Ancestral Surface? The Supreme Court on IPRA. Official publication of the Kitanglad Integrated NGOs (KIN). Vol. XIII No.4. October-December 2010.

Arce, W. (2001). Systematic Qualitative Data Research: An Introduction for Filipino Practitioners. Office of Research and Publications. Loyola Schools, Ateneo de Manila.

Burton, E., and Canoy, M.E. (1991). The Concept of Justice among the Indigenous Communities of Northeastern Mindanao: A Comparative Study of Customary Laws & Resolution of Conflicts. Cagayan de Oro: Research Institute for Mindanao Culture, Xavier University.

Cairns, M. (1995). Ancestral Domain and National Park Protection: A Mutually Supportive Paradigm? A Case Study of the Mt. Kitanglad Range Natural Park, Bukidnon, Philippines. Paper presented during a National Workshop on Buffer Zone Management and Agroforestry held at Central Mindanao University. August 8-11.

Canoy, M.E.L. and SuminguiT, V. (2001). Mt. Kitanglad Case Study. Social Watch Report.

Carino, J. (March 1984). Human Rights and Ancestral Land: The Cordillera Case, Cordillera Consultation and Research of the Cordillera Consultative Committee.

Dalupan, M.C.G. (2000). A Discussion Paper on the Mining Industry and the Indigenous Peoples Act. Retrieved from: http://www.wdwg.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/IPRA_Cdalupan_2000.pdf.

Diaz, R. JR. (1993). Ancestral Domain Claims and the Lumads Current Ownership Options. SILDAP-Sidlakan, Inc. Butuan City, Philippines.

Episcopal Commission on Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous People Education: From Alienation to Rootedness. Indigenous People Education Office No. 4 (2014). Pasig City, Philippines.

Erasga, D.S. (2008). Ancestral Domain Claim: The Case of the Indigenous People in Muslim Mindanao. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dennis_Erasga/publication/250278425

Gaspar, K. (2000). Lumads struggle in the face of Globalization. Forum for Research in Mindanao, Inc. Davao City, Philippines.

Gatmaytan, A. (2001). Issues on Community Resource Management. Unpublished research Report. ICRAF. February 8.

Kabeer, N. (1999). Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women's Empowerment’ Development and Change, 30 (4)

KIN. 1998, 1999. PSAP Reports. Kitanglad Integrated NGOs.

Kitanglad Updates. Life’s—and livelihood’s—little lessons. The official publication of the Conservation of Priority Protected Areas Project of MKRNP. Vol. 3 No.2. July-December 1999.

Mananaligod, R. (Ed) (1990). Struggles against Development Aggression. Tribal Filipinos and Ancestral Domain. TABAK Publication. Quezon City, Philippines.

Manippon, A.J., & Mesina, S. 2009. Communities, Conservation, and the Filipino Environmentalist. Foundation for the Philippine Environment. Quezon City, Philippines.

Mindanao Horizons: Land Conflicts. Vol. 3, No. 2011-02. Published by Ateneo de Manila School of Government & the Institute of Bangsamoro Studies.

Pagayatan, A., Ballesteros, A.G., & Hatta, Y. (November 2001). Philippine Natural Resources Law Journal. Vol. 11 No. 1.

Prill-Brett, J. (1988). Preliminary Perspective on Local Territorial Boundaries and Resource Control, Paper presented at the PSSC-CSC Conference, UP College Baguio Auditorium, April 30.

Saway, V. (1998). Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Biodiversity Management of the Talaandig Community. Summary Proceedings on People, Earth and Culture. Readings in Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Biodiversity Management and Utilization. PCCARD and NCCA.

Suminguit, V.; Burton, E.; and Canoy, E. (2001). A Study on Ancestral Domain Recognition and Management Within and Around the Mt. Kitanglad Range National Park. Paper presented during the Conference on Protected Area Management in the Philippines. Davao City. November 12-16.

Talama Council: Unifying Force behind Culture for Kitanglad’s Protection. Official publication of the Kitanglad Integrated NGOs (KIN). Vol. 14. 4th quarter 2014.

Ugnayang Pang-Aghamtao, Inc. (UGAT) (1996). Indigenous Peoples of the Philippines. Knowledge, power, and struggles. Japanese Foundation Manila Office. Makati City, Philippines.

Vidal, A. (2004). Conflicting Laws, Overlapping Claims: The politics of indigenous peoples’ Land Rights in Mindanao. Alternate Forum for Research in Mindanao, Inc. Davao City, Philippines.

Published
2018-08-20