ROLE OF LOCAL INSTITUTION IN EARLY MARRIAGE ISSUE: A CASE STUDY IN SOME PROVINCES IN INDONESIA

  • Tubagus Adi Satria
  • Rezariansyah Abdullah
  • Fajar Ajie Setiawan
  • Fitriana Putri Hapsari

Abstract

The impact of early marriage is closely related to the economic condition of the family and affects the poverty of women who experience it. This study aims to comprehensively examine the extent to which local socio-economic condition affects early marriage and the extent of policy-makers’ role in preventing it. In addition, this study also aims to obtain inaccurate overview of current policies and policy recommendations related to government’s effort in controlling marriage age in Indonesia. Data were obtained using cross-sectional method in four provinces with high marriage rates based on Riskesdas 2010 data (South Kalimantan, Bangka Belitung, Central Sulawesi and West Java). The research is qualitative using explorative approach. Based on the research result, the root of early marriage problem in four provinces is related to several dimensions such as: modernization, education, economic and socio-cultural pressure. Another result of the analysis is that the role of customary and religious institutions are very strategic as a tool of social control in controlling early marriage. In addition, it was concluded that weak inter-sectoral coordination and government policy planning in early marriage control are among the issues to be addressed.

References

Akarro, R. R., & Mtweve, N. A. (2011). Poverty and Its Association with Child Labour in Njombe District in Tanzania: The Case of Igima Ward. Current Research Journal of Social Science, 3(3), 199-206.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2011). Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Boserup, E. (1989). Population, the Status of Women, and Rural Development. Population and Development Review, 15, 45-60.

Choe, M. K., Thapa, S., & Achmad, S. (2001). Early Marriage and Childbearing in Indonesia and Nepal. East-West Center Working Papers Population Series No. 108-15. Honolulu: East-West Center.

Field, E., & Ambrus, A. (2008). Early Marriage, Age of Menarche, and Female Schooling Attainment in Bangladesh. Journal of Political Economy, 116(5), 881-930.

Godha, D., Hotchkiss, D. R., & Gage, A. J. (2013). Association between child marriage and reproductive health outcomes and service utilization: a multi-country study from South Asia. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(5), 552-558.

Hurlock, E. B. (1990). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. (Istiwidayanti, R. M. Sijabat, & Soedjarwo, Penerj.) Jakarta: Erlangga.

Jones, G., & Gubhaju, B. (2008). Trends in Age at Marriage in the Provinces of Indonesia. Singapore: Asia Research Institute.

Kalamar, A. M., Lee-Rife, S., & Hindin, M. J. (2016). Interventions to prevent child marriage among young people in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review of the published and gray literature. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(3), S16-S21.

Klasen, S., & Wink, C. (2002). A Turning Point in Gender Bias in Mortality? An Update on the Number of Missing Women. Population and Development Review, 28(2), 285-312.

Malhotra, A., Warner, A., McGonagle, A., & Lee-Rife, S. (2011). Solutions to End Child Marriage: What the Evidence Shows. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.

Moeljarto, V. (1997). Gender dan Kemiskinan: Menelaah Posisi Wanita dalam Pembangunan Pertanian. Analisis CSIS, XXVI(4), 372-385.

Rahman, L., & Rao, V. (2004). The Determinants of Gender Equity in India: Examining Dyson and Moore’s Thesis with New Data. Population and Development Review, 30(2), 239-268.

Toffler, A. (1971). Future Shock. New York : Bantam Books.

UNDESA. (2011). Population Facts. New York: UN.

UNFPA. (2006). Ending Child Marriage: A Guide for Global Policy Action. New York: UN.

Published
2018-02-28
Section
Articles