The Role of Libraries in Community Empowerment: A Systematic Review

  • Christian Mubofu The Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy, Dar Es Salaam-Tanzania
  • Henry Mambo The Open University of Tanzania, Dar Es Salaam-Tanzania
Keywords: Libraries, Empowerment, Community Empowerment, Role of Libraries

Abstract

Problem Statement: Libraries as public information agencies act as catalysts that provide reliable information that empowers people in making the right decision in terms of development plans put forward by various sectors. However, studies on how and where the society, access, and the use of relevant information that empower them to contribute positively in these sectors are inadequately reported in scholarly literatures. Purpose: This study in particular reports the role of libraries in community empowerment and the challenges faced by libraries in the dissemination of information for community empowerment. Method: This study is a scoping and a literature review of the role of libraries in  community empowerment. The study adopted Arksey and O’ Malley framework. Google scholar, JSTOR, Ebscohost, Emerald insight, fullfreepdf, Eric, Research4life databases, and Taylor & Francis were used as the main sources of information. Results: The result revealed that libraries provide free internet access and information resources. Libraries also act as information acquisition centre,   community empowerment programs as well as a centre for building capacity, and learning support. The study also revealed that job dissatisfaction among library staff, inadequate facilities, lack of commitment, lack of teamwork and poor relationships among staff, insufficient knowledge and skills among library staff are some of the challenges libraries have to face as an effective provision of information services. Conclusion: The study concludes that there are countless and well established role of libraries in community empowerment in various sectors like education, health, agriculture and technology. Libraries are the main centre for information that contributes greatly to community empowerment through building capacity and learning support.

 Keywords: Libraries; Empowerment; Community Empowerment; Role of Libraries 

 

Abstrak

Latar Belakang: Perpustakaan sebagai pusat informasi publik berperan sebagai katalisator yang menyediakan informasi terpercaya yang memberdayakan masyarakat untuk membuat keputusan tepat dalam hal rencana pengembangan yang dikemukakan oleh berbagai sektor. Namun, penelitian tentang bagaimana dan dimana masyarakat, akses, dan kegunaan informasi relevan yang membuat mereka berkontribusi secara baik pada sektor-sektor ini jarang sekali dilaporkan dalam literatur ilmiah. Tujuan: Penelitian ini secara khusus melaporkan peran perpustakaan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat dan tantangan yang dihadapi perpustakaan dalam penyebaran informasi pemberdayaan masyarakat. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode scoping dan tinjauan literatur tentang peran perpustakaan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat. Studi ini mengadopsi kerangka kerja dari Arksey dan O' Malley dengan sumber informasi menggunakan database GOOGLE SCholar, JSTOR, Ebscohost, Emerald insight, Fullfreepdf, Eric, Research4life, dan Taylor & Francis. Hasil: Hasil dari penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa perpustakaan menyediakan akses internet gratis dan menjadi sumber informasi. Perpustakaan juga bertindak sebagai pusat perolehan informasi, program pemberdayaan masyarakat serta pusat untuk membangun kapasitas, dan dukungan pembelajaran. Penelitian ini juga mengungkapkan bahwa adanya ketidakpuasan pekerjaan di antara staf perpustakaan, fasilitas yang tidak memadai, kurangnya komitmen, kurangnya kerja tim yang baik dan hubungan yang buruk antar staf, pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang tidak memadai di antara staf perpustakaan adalah beberapa tantangan yang harus dihadapi perpustakaan sebagai penyediaan layanan informasi yang efektif. Kesimpulan: Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa perpustakaan berperan sangat baik dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat di berbagai sektor seperti pendidikan, kesehatan, pertanian dan teknologi. Perpustakaan juga merupakan pusat distribusi informasi yang berkontribusi terhadap pemberdayaan masyarakat melalui peningkatan kapasitas dan dukungan pembelajaran.

Keywords: Perpustakaan; Pemberdayaan Masyarakat; Peran Perpustakaan

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Published
2021-08-12